• Coal-fired plants can be converted to gas-fired technology
    • New power plants can be constructed that are one-third the cost of today’s coal-fired technology … and cleaner!
  • Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) technologies are very high cost and would require an additional energy build of 50 percent, as well as underground storage, which is unproven.
  • FischerTroepsh based technologies are much dirtier and very expensive to build and operate. FischerTroepsh is a catalyzed chemical reaction in which syngas, which is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, is converted into liquid hydrocarbons of various forms (see table below for comparison).
Creates excessive carbon emissions if Natural Gas is used as feedstock. NG has to be reformed by partial combustion  If gas from the Bixby Devolitization process is used as feedstock, no reforming is required
Yields Low Octane Gas and Low Cetane Diesel Products. Cetane numbers are in the range of 48 to 52 Â Potentially yields High Octane and cetane Diesel products. Cetane numbers of Bixby Diesel is in the range of 55 to 62
Consumes large quantities of water for cooling to maintain process temperature  Generates potable water as a result of reaction
Life of catalysts are damaged by any sulfur in the syngas used in the process  Process is not affected by any sulfur or metals in the feedstock
Can only use syngas produced by partial combustion as a feedstock; all these processes produce high CO2 Â Process uses either Devolitized gas or Bixby-produced Semi-Activated Carbon as the base feed stock
Use of coal-derived syngas causes problems due to ratio of H2 and CO Â The Bixby Process is not affected by use of coal-derived gas
Huge, expensive plants are the only way
to use this technology
 The technology is inexpensive and can be scaled large or small
Fuels derived from Fischer-Tropsch process are normally 10 percent  more expensive than normal fuels  Fuels produced with the Bixby Process are less expensive than normal fuels